State Key Laboratory of Veterinary Etiological Biology, National Foot and Mouth Disease Reference Laboratory, Lanzhou Veterinary Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Lanzhou 730046, China
In order to develop an anti-FMDV A Type monoclonal antibody (mAb), BABL/c mice were immunized with FMDV A type. Monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) 7B11 and 8H4 against Foot-and-mouth disease virus (FMDV) serotype A were produced by fusing SP2/0 myeloma cells with splenocyte from the mouse immunized with A/AV88. The microneutralization titer of the mAbs 7B11 and 8H4 were 1024 and 512, respectively. Both mAbs contain kappa light chains, the mAbs were IgG1. In order to define the mAbs binding epitopes, the reactivity of these mAbs against A Type FMDV, were examined using indirect ELISA, the result showed that both mAbs reacted with A Type FMDV. These mAbs may be used for further vaccine studies, diagnostic methods, prophylaxis, etiological and immunological research on FMDV. Characterization of these ncindicated that prepared ant i-FMDV A mAbs had no cross-reactivity with Swine Vesicular Disease (SVD) or FMDV O, Asia1 and C Type antigens. Their titers in abdomen liquor were 1:5×106 and 1:2×106, respectively. 7B11 was found to be of subtype IgG1, 8H4 was classified as IgG2b subtype. The mAbs prepared in this study, are specific for detection of FMDV serotype A, and is potentially useful for pen-side diagnosis.