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Virologica Sinica, 27 (1) : 48-56, 2012
Development of Multiple ELISAs for the Detection of Antibodies against Classical Swine Fever Virus in Pig Sera
State Key Laboratory of Virology, College of Life Sciences, Wuhan University, Wuhan 430072, China
 Correspondence: zspan@whu.edu.cn
The major immunogenic proteins (Erns, E2 and NS3) of classical swine fever virus (CSFV) (Shimen strain) were expressed in E. coli and purified by affinity chromatography. The recombinant antigens were applied to develop multiple enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays (ELISAs) for the detection of specific antibodies in pig sera. Optimum cut-off values were determined by receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis after testing 201 sera of vaccinated pigs and 64 negative sera of unvaccinated piglets. The multiple ELISAs were validated with 265 pig sera yielding high sensitivity and specificity in comparison with the virus neutralization results. The results demonstrated that multiple ELISAs can be a valuable tool for the detection of CSFV infection and serological surveys in CSFV-free countries or for the evaluation of the antibody responses in pigs induced by a live attenuated C-strain vaccination.
Received: 15 Dec 2011  Accepted: 12 Oct 2011  Published online: 5 Feb 2012
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