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Articles list with the same subject [PI] of Virologica Sinica
Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) is a major health concern to the general population, with no available licensed therapeutic or vaccine. Virus-like particles (VLPs) comprise viral structural proteins, which represent a safe and highly immunogenic vaccine delivery platform ..., Abstract
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Porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV) is a member within the family Arteriviridae of the order Nidovirales. Replication of this positive-stranded RNA virus within the host cell involves expression of viral replicase proteins encoded by two ORFs, namely ORF1a ..., Abstract
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Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus (MERS-CoV) is a zoonotic pathogen capable of causing severe respiratory disease in humans. Although dromedary camels are considered as a major reservoir host, the MERS-CoV infection dynamics in camels are not fully understood. Through surveillance in ..., Abstract
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Seneca Valley virus (SVV), a newly determined etiological agent of vesicular disease in swine, causes porcine idiopathic disease and occasional acute death in piglets. Recently, an increased number of SVV infection cases have been reported in the United States (US) and China, resulting in ..., Abstract
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Seven hundred thirty clinical tissue samples collected from diseased pigs in South, Middle, and North China were subjected to detect PCV3 DNA by PCR and results showed that PCV3 positive rate was 14.25%. Six PCV3 genomes were obtained and classified into 3 different clusters. The primary ..., Abstract
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Porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV) causes substantial economic losses to the global pig industry. Alternative polyadenylation (APA) is a mechanism that diversifies gene expression, which is important for tumorigenesis, development, and cell differentiation. However, it is ..., Abstract
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Porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV) shows characteristic antibody-dependent enhancement (ADE) of infection and causes porcine systemic inflammation, which is similar to a type I allergic reaction; however, the role of porcine FcεRI in ADE is still unclear. In this study ..., Abstract
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Suzhou is experiencing a dynamic human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)/acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) epidemic. While serology based surveillance systems have reported the spread of HIV/AIDS, detailed tracking of its molecular epidemiology and transmission in populations remains mostly ..., Abstract
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Effective oral infection is set off by interaction of a group of conserved per os infectivity factors (PIFs) with larval midgut columnar epithelial cells. We constructed pseudotyped viruses by substituting pif1, pif2 or pif3 genes of Helicoverpa armigera nucleopolyhedrovirus ..., Abstract
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A novel PRRSV strain was isolated in China that was genetically similar to the NADC30 strain which is reported to have spread throughout China. The objective of the present study was to evaluate the cross-protective efficacy of the live vaccine TJM-F92 in young pigs against challenge with a ..., Abstract
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In our previous works, we have reported genetically diverse SARS-related coronaviruses (SARSr-CoV) in a single bat cave, Yunnan province, China, and suggested that some SARSr-CoVs may have high potential to infect humans without the necessity for an intermediate host. In this report, we developed a ..., Abstract
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Chikungunya virus (CHIKV) is an arbovirus transmitted by Aedes mosquitos in tropical and subtropical regions across the world. After decades of sporadic outbreaks, it re-emerged in Africa, Asia, India Ocean and America suddenly, causing major regional epidemics recently and becoming a notable ..., Abstract
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Rasmussen’s encephalitis (RE) is a rare pediatric neurological disorder, the etiology of which remains unclear. It has been speculated that the immunopathogenesis of RE involves damage to neurons, which eventually leads to the occurrence of RE. Viral infection may be a critical factor ..., Abstract
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Lipids are essential for mammalian cells to maintain many physiological functions. Emerging evidence has shown that cancer cells can develop specific alterations in lipid biosynthesis and metabolism to facilitate their survival and various malignant behaviors. To date, the precise role ..., Abstract
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Since 2010,variant strains of porcine epidemic diarrhea virus (PEDV) have caused disasters in the pork industry.The spike (S) protein,as the major immunity-eliciting antigen,has previously been used for serological testing and has been found to correlate significantly with the results of the serum ..., Abstract
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The emergence of highly virulent porcine epidemic diarrhea virus (PEDV) variants in China caused huge economic losses in 2010.Since then,large-scale sporadic outbreaks of PED caused by PEDV variants have occasionally occurred in China.However,the molecular diversity and epidemiology of PEDV in ..., Abstract
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Rasmussen's encephalitis (RE) is a rare and severe progressive epileptic syndrome with unknown etiology.Infection by viruses,including human cytomegalovirus (HCMV),has been speculated to be a potential trigger for RE.However,no viral antigens have been detected in the brains of patients with ..., Abstract
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The envelope fusion protein F of baculoviruses is a class I viral fusion protein which play a significant role during virus entry into insect cells. F is initially synthesized as a precursor (F0) and then cleaved into a disulfide-linked F1 and F2 subunits during the ..., Abstract
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A recent controversy over the naming of a human adenovirus (HAdV) type 55 as type "11a" (Kajon et al., 2013; Walsh et al., 2010) serves as instructive example to illustrate some of the pitfalls of relying on REA to identify, characterize, type, and name adenoviral pathogens in the era of whole ..., Abstract
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The papain-like protease (PLpro) of Middle-East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) has proteolytic, deubiquitinating, and deISGylating activities. The latter two are involved in the suppression of the antiviral innate immune response of the host cell. To contribute to an ..., Abstract
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