Characterization of a LTR Chimeric Infectious Clone of Chinese Equine Infectious Anemia Virus
Abstract: Equine infectious anemia virus full-length-gene chimeric clone derived virus, vLGFD9-12, was inoculated into healthy horses. Over an observation period of 150 days, all inoculated groups showed no overt abnormal symptoms. The results from routine blood assays showed that the counts of WBC and HGB had no obvious changes between vLGFD9-12 group and its parental virus pLGFD3-8. Low levels of viral RNA in the plasma of vLGFD9-12- and pLGFD3-8-infected horses was detected, The results from cytolytic T lymphocyte (CTL) and lymphocyte proliferation assay (LPA) showed that all inoculated animals had similar changes on virus-specific CTL responses and virus-specific lymphocyte proliferation activity. These results provide an important foundation for further study on mechanism of attenuation of the EIAV and the protective immunity against EIAV.