Citation: Wei Yang, Chong-Yang Tang, Dong-Ying Fan, Yi-Song Wang, Pei-Gang Wang, Jing An, Guo-Ming Luan. Mice with type I interferon signaling deficiency are prone to epilepsy upon HSV-1 infection .VIROLOGICA SINICA, 2024, 39(2) : 251-263.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.virs.2024.01.002

Mice with type I interferon signaling deficiency are prone to epilepsy upon HSV-1 infection

  • Corresponding author: Guo-Ming Luan, luangm@ccmu.edu.cn
  • Received Date: 09 August 2023
    Accepted Date: 09 January 2024
    Available online: 14 January 2024
  • Viral encephalitis continues to be a significant public health concern. In our previous study, we discovered a lower expression of antiviral factors, such as IFN-β, STING and IFI16, in the brain tissues of patients with Rasmussen's encephalitis (RE), a rare chronic neurological disorder often occurred in children, characterized by unihemispheric brain atrophy. Furthermore, a higher cumulative viral score of human herpes viruses (HHVs) was also found to have a significant positive correlation with the unihemispheric atrophy in RE. Type I IFNs (IFN-I) signaling is essential for innate anti-infection response by binding to IFN-α/β receptor (IFNAR). In this study, we infected WT mice and IFNAR-deficient A6 mice with herpes simplex virus 1 (HSV-1) via periocular injection to investigate the relationship between IFN-I signaling and HHVs-induced brain lesions. While all mice exhibited typical viral encephalitis lesions in their brains, HSV-induced epilepsy was only observed in A6 mice. The gene expression matrix, functional enrichment analysis and protein-protein interaction network revealed four gene models that were positively related with HSV-induced epilepsy. Additionally, ten key genes with the highest scores were identified. Taken together, these findings indicate that intact IFN-I signaling can effectively limit HHVs induced neural symptoms and brain lesions, thereby confirming the positive correlation between IFN-I signaling repression and brain atrophy in RE and other HHVs encephalitis.

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    Mice with type I interferon signaling deficiency are prone to epilepsy upon HSV-1 infection

      Corresponding author: Guo-Ming Luan, luangm@ccmu.edu.cn
    • a. Beijing Key Laboratory of Epilepsy, Sanbo Brain Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing, 100093, China;
    • b. Beijing Institute for Brain Disorders, Capital Medical University, Beijing, 100093, China;
    • c. Department of Neurosurgery, Epilepsy Center, Sanbo Brain Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing, 100093, China;
    • d. Department of Microbiology, School of Basic Medical Sciences, Capital Medical University, Beijing, 100069, China;
    • e. Chinese Institute for Brain Research, Beijing, 102206, China

    Abstract: Viral encephalitis continues to be a significant public health concern. In our previous study, we discovered a lower expression of antiviral factors, such as IFN-β, STING and IFI16, in the brain tissues of patients with Rasmussen's encephalitis (RE), a rare chronic neurological disorder often occurred in children, characterized by unihemispheric brain atrophy. Furthermore, a higher cumulative viral score of human herpes viruses (HHVs) was also found to have a significant positive correlation with the unihemispheric atrophy in RE. Type I IFNs (IFN-I) signaling is essential for innate anti-infection response by binding to IFN-α/β receptor (IFNAR). In this study, we infected WT mice and IFNAR-deficient A6 mice with herpes simplex virus 1 (HSV-1) via periocular injection to investigate the relationship between IFN-I signaling and HHVs-induced brain lesions. While all mice exhibited typical viral encephalitis lesions in their brains, HSV-induced epilepsy was only observed in A6 mice. The gene expression matrix, functional enrichment analysis and protein-protein interaction network revealed four gene models that were positively related with HSV-induced epilepsy. Additionally, ten key genes with the highest scores were identified. Taken together, these findings indicate that intact IFN-I signaling can effectively limit HHVs induced neural symptoms and brain lesions, thereby confirming the positive correlation between IFN-I signaling repression and brain atrophy in RE and other HHVs encephalitis.

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