Serving the Society Since 1986

Special Issues

  • Special Topic on SARS-CoV-2 and COVID-19 (II)

    COVID-19 has swept the world for almost three years, while the causing agent SARS-CoV-2 virus has been continuously evolving. In this issue, Virologica Sinica presents a special topic on COVID-19 and includes a collection of original articles on the characteristics of novel variants and their diagnostics and treatment, immune protection and escape of vaccines and therapeutic antibodies, basic virology and viral decontamination strategies, and et al. We hope these researches would contribute to contain the spread of the coronavirus pandemic and help care for those affected. The cover shows the virus particles of SARS-CoV-2 Omicron variant, with mutations in the spike protein highlighted in yellow.

  • Special Topic on SARS-CoV-2 and COVID-19

    Topic Editor: Zheng-Li Shi, PhD, Wuhan Institute of Virology, Chinese Academy of Sciences

    In less than two years, SARS-CoV-2 has infected over two hundred million people and caused about 4.8 million deaths worldwide. With global efforts, over 6.3 billion vaccine doses have been administered, which largely reduce the mortality and control the virus spread. Meanwhile, the academia has never stopped the exploration to advance our knowledge in combatting the virus. In this issue, Virologica Sinica presents a collection of original articles that report the latest research progress on SARS-CoV-2, including studies on long COVID-19, development of systems for drugs and vaccines, new strategies on surveillance and counter-measures. The cover shows the basic structure of SARS-CoV-2 virus particles.

  • Special Topic on Human Adenoviruses

    Human adenoviruses (HAdVs) are non-enveloped double-stranded DNA viruses which belong to the genus Mastadenovirus. To date, over 100 genotypes of HAdVs have been recognized and are classified into seven species (A–G). HAdVs are highly contagious that could cause multiple systemic infections, such as acute respiratory disease, epidemic keratoconjunctivitis, hemorrhagic cystitis, gastroenteritis, as well as other diseases. HAdVs-associated respiratory tract infection is one of the leading causes of severe respiratory tract diseases in pediatric populations, characterized by poor prognosis, high mortality, severe complications, and serious sequelae. However, there is no recommended effective drug for adenovirus infections. To further advance our knowledge on HAdVs, we dedicate a special topic covering the latest researches on clinical diagnosis, epidemiology, detection methods, vaccine development, and HAdV-associated severe diseases. The cover is modified from an electron micrograph of the rAd3H recombinant vaccine virus (kindly provided by Prof. Qiwei Zhang) with artistic processing. See page 354–364 for details.

  • Special Issue: SARS-CoV-2 and COVID-19 (II)

    Issue Editor: Zheng-Li Shi, PhD, Wuhan Institute of Virology, Chinese Academy of Sciences

    By the end of November 2020, SARS-CoV-2—the new coronavirus behind the disease COVID-19—has infected over 60 million people around the world and caused about one and a half million deaths. Facing the biggest global pandemic of the century, doctors, scientists and the scientific community have been working hard to uncover the pathogenesis and search for effective scientific solutions. Virologica Sinica has online published a series of original articles and reviews on SARS-CoV-2 and COVID-19, covering topics on clinical cohorts/cases and disease features, virus characterization and surveillance, diagnosis and improved methods, antiviral agents and therapeutic treatment, and etc, and they are collectively presented in this special issue. Those researches have greatly advanced our understandings of and empowered our strength to combat the disease. The cover depicts the SARS-CoV-2 virus particle, surrounded by human blood cells.

  • SARS-CoV-2 and COVID-19

    Issue Editor: Prof. Zheng-Li Shi, Ph.D., Wuhan Institute of Virology, Chinese Academy of Sciences

    The ongoing outbreak of Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) has become a global public health emergency. The causative pathogen of COVID-19, severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), hits the humankind so sudden and brings tremendous challenges to the world. In combating against the COVID-19 pandemic, Virologica Sinica delicates this focused issue to timely present the latest scientific progress. Original reports on virus characterization, clinical features, inflammatory responses, infection models, detection methods, drugs and treatments, etc. are collectively included in the issue. The cover depicts the SARS-CoV-2 virus particle, surrounded by human blood cells.

  • To Commemorate The First SKLV-NIH Virology Symposium

    Cover page images (from L to R) from the articles published in this special issue illustrate (1) post-entry events of HIV-1 infection mediated by capsid-interacting host factors (Novikova and Zhang, et al., page 119, Fig. 3), (2) possible mechanisms of KSHV-mediated pathogenesis at the cellular level (Yan and Majerciak, et al., page 135, Fig. 7), (3) miR-135a directly targeting antiviral factors CXCL12, MYD88, and RIPK2 to enhance HCV RNA replication (Sodroski and Lowey, et al., page 197 , Fig. 5F), (4) selection of two alternative branch sites in the HPV18 E6 intron correlating to the efficiency of E6*I splicing and the production of E6 and E7 oncoproteins (Brant, et al., page 211, Fig. 5D), and (5) immunofluorescent staining of the colocalized cytoplasmic prion protein and BiP (binding immunoglobulin protein/GRP78) (orange) in BxPC-3 cells after brefeldin A treatment (Gao and Peng, et al., page 222, Fig. 5B).

  • Viral Pathogens in Natural Hosts and Vectors

    Editor(s): Zhiming Yuan, PhD, Professor, Key Laboratory of Special Pathogens and Biosafety, Wuhan Institute of Virology, Chinese Academy of Sciences

    Over the past few years, a rising trend of emerging and virulent infectious diseases has been observed. Among the emerging viral infections, more than 75% are natural focal diseases. Natural focal viruses generally recycle in wild animals with relatively large populations as natural hosts, such as bats, rodents, and birds, and are transmitted by vectors such as ticks and mosquitoes that co-exist in the specific natural foci. A program for investigating the main natural hosts and vectors in China has been implemented from 2013 to 2017, which involves a team of researchers across twelve institutions in Xinjiang, Qinghai, Hubei, and Yunnan regions. This special issue collectively presents the interesting results generated from this program. We hope these articles will allow the readers to obtain a better understanding of the importance of investigating pathogen profiles in natural hosts and vectors, and to consider the potential risk of unknown pathogens to the public health. The cover is a gallery of photos which were captured by the team during the field investigation.

  • Herpesviruses and Antiviral Strategies

    Editor(s): Ke Lan, PhD, Professor, State Key Laboratory of Virology, College of Life Sciences, Wuhan University; Min-Hua Luo, PhD, Professor, State Key Laboratory of Virology, CAS Center for Excellence in Brain Science and Intelligence

    This special issue is dedicated to the recent research progress on human herpesviruses (HHVs). Human herpesviruses are distributed worldwide, and more than 90% of adults are infected by one or multiple HHVs. The HHV family contains three sub-families: the alpha sub-family [herpes simplex virus 1 (HSV-1), HSV-2, and varicella-zoster virus (VZV)], beta sub-family [human cytomegalovirus (HCMV), HHV6, and HHV7)], and gamma sub-family. [Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) and Kaposi’s sarcoma–associated herpesvirus (KSHV)]. All the viruses typically establish latent infection in host, and undergo lytic reactivation in certain pathophysiological conditions. In this issue, we collectively present ten articles focusing on the epidemiology, pathogenesis, and interventions of HSV-1, VZV, HCMV, EBV and KSHV respectively, and these high-quality review and research articles are contributed by experts on those specific viruses.

  • Hemorrhagic Fever Viruses

    Editor(s): Zhihong Hu: PhD, Professor, Wuhan Institute of Virology; Jens H Kuhn, PhD, Professor, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, NIH

    Viral hemorrhagic fevers are caused by several distinct families of RNA and DNA viruses that can cause devastating disease in humans and other animals. Hemorrhagic fever viruses usually reside in animal or arthropod hosts and transmit to humans, resulting in human outbreak. Four major families of HFVs are Arenaviridae, Filoviridae, Bunyaviridae, and Flaviviridae. This special Issue presents the recent progress on Ebola virus, dengue virus, hantavirus, Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever virus, severe fever with thrombocytopenia syndrome virus, and covers topics on viral epidemiology, viral pathogenesis, and virus-host cell interaction of those hemorrhagic fever viruses. The cover depicts the hemorrhagic fever viruses and their major hosts.

  • Coronaviruses

    Editor(s): Zheng-Li Shi, PhD, Professor, Wuhan Institute of Virology, Chinese Academy of Sciences; Deyin Guo, PhD, Professor, Wuhan University; Peter J.M. Rottier, PhD, Professor, Utrecht University

    Coronaviruses (CoVs) infect a wide range of vertebrates, including humans. They can cause respiratory, gastrointestinal, hepatic and central nervous system diseases. Some CoVs have managed to across the species barrier, such as severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS)-CoV and Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS)-CoV. This special issue of Virologica Sinica is dedicated to the recent progress on coronaviruses and covers topics on viral epidemiology, virus replication and the interactions between the coronaviruses and their hosts. This updated information would provide new insights in the control of CoV infections, and in the development of effective antivirals. The cover depicts the modes of transmission of coronavirus from animals to humans.

  • Oncogenic Viruses and Cancer

    Editor(s): Guangxiang (George) Luo, MD/MPH, Professor University of Alabama at Birmingham, USA; Peking University Health Science Center, China

    Viruses are leading causes of different types of human cancers, accounting for about 20% of total cases. Seven viruses are currently considered oncogenic viruses, including hepatitis B virus (HBV), hepatitis C virus (HCV), human papillomavirus (HPV), Epstein Barr virus (EBV), human herpes virus 8 (HHP8), Merkel cell polyomavirus (MCPyV), and human T-lymphotropic virus type 1 (HTLV-1). The molecular mechanisms of viral oncogenesis are complex and may involve the induction of chronic inflammation, disruption of host genetic and epigenetic integrity and homeostasis, interference with cellular DNA repair mechanisms resulting in genome instability and cell cycle dysregulation. Genetic and epigenetic alterations induced by infection and replication of oncogenic viruses may lead to the appearance and proliferation of cancer stem cells, which are important for the initiation, progression, metastasis, relapse, and chemotherapy resistance of cancers. The cover illustrates the seven oncoviruses that could lead to human cancer.

  • Phage and Therapy

    Editor(s): HongPing Wei, PhD, Professor Wuhan Institute of Virology, China

    This issue of Virologica Sinica is to celebrate the 100th anniversary of the discovery of “fi lterable lytic factor” or “bacteriophage” (1915-2015). During the past 100 years, both basic knowledge and applications of bacteriophages have been substantially explored and developed. In recent years, bacteriophage research is booming and holding the hope to tackle the rise of antimicrobial resistance in the post-antibiotic era. In this issue, new phages are introduced, phage lytic enzymes are described, phage and host interactions are discussed, and successful experiences of phage therapy are shared. The cover illustrates the phages in this issue: ΦVMY22 (golden yellow), ΦCASbig (orange red), ΦKAZ14(magenta). And the phage in blue color is the courtesy of the Core Facility of Wuhan Institute of Virology.

  • Herpesviruses

    Editor(s): Min-Hua Luo, PhD, Professor; Hua Zhu, PhD, Professor; Klaus Früh, PhD, Professor Wuhan Institute of Virology, China; Rutgers-New Jersey Medical School, USA; Oregon Health & Science University, USA

    The special issue included perspectives, minireviews, research articles, and brief communications. All manuscripts accepted will be waived for publication charge. And all submitted manuscripts will be processed following the standard journal procedure such as being screened by editors and peer-reviewing.

  • Bee Viruses

    Editor(s): Basil Arif, PhD Laboratory for Molecular Virology, Sault Ste Marie, Ontario, Canada

  • Chronic Viral Infections and Immunomodulation

    Editor(s): Mengji Lu, PhD, Professor University of Duisburg-Essen, Germany

    Viral infection in human induces various levels of host immune response, through which the host aims to eliminate those intruders. However, some viruses could often evade immune system and result in chronic infections. Almost 500 million people world-wide are chronically infected with hepatitis B and C viruses and human immune deficiency virus. Thus, a special issue focusing on the interaction of the host immune system with HBC, HCV, and HIV, and new immunomodulations of these chronic viral diseases is presented as the first issue of 2014 in Virologica Sinica. The cover depicts hepatitis C viruses approaching the B lymphocyte.

  • Structural Virology

    Editor(s): Peng Gong, PhD, Professor Wuhan Institute of Virology, China

    A special topic section on Structural Virology is included in this issue. The section contains three review articles, which cover the recent research advancement on the structures of reovirus particle, flavivirus NS2B-NS3 protease, and enterophage T7 RNA polymerase. The issue cover presents: i) Crystal structure of a late initiation complex of T7 RNA Polymerase; ii) Crystal structure of the NS2B-NS3 protease with a peptide-based inhibitor; iii) Cryo-EM structure of the turreted reovirus core.

  • Cyanophage and Algal Virus

    Editor(s): Fei Deng, PhD, Professor; Zhihong Hu, PhD, Professor State Key Laboratory of Virology, Virus Resource and Bioinformatics Center, Wuhan Institute of Virology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, China

    Electron microscopy images of three types of cyanophages: 1) upper left: AsGV-L cyanophage particles, showing geminivirus-like morphology with two incomplete icosahedra joined together; 2) lower left: MaCV-L cyanophage particles,showing corticovirus-like and round shape with icosahedral symmetry and a non-enveloped capsid; 3) right: cyanophage PP virions , with short and stubby tail structures. Images painted with pseudo-colors. (Cover designed by Meng Wang, Wuhan IOV.)