. doi: 10.1016/j.virs.2024.01.002
Citation: Wei Yang, Chong-Yang Tang, Dong-Ying Fan, Yi-Song Wang, Pei-Gang Wang, Jing An, Guo-Ming Luan. Mice with type I interferon signaling deficiency are prone to epilepsy upon HSV-1 infection .VIROLOGICA SINICA, 2024, 39(2) : 251-263.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.virs.2024.01.002

I型干扰素信号缺乏的小鼠在感染HSV-1后易患癫痫

  • 通讯作者: 栾国明, luangm@ccmu.edu.cn
  • 收稿日期: 2023-08-09
    录用日期: 2024-01-09
  • 病毒性脑炎仍然是全球公共卫生安全的重大威胁。在课题组前期研究中,我们发现拉斯穆森脑炎(Rasmussen’s encephalitis,RE)患者的脑组织中IFN-β、STING和IFI16等多种抗病毒关键基因的表达量显著降低。这种脑炎是一种罕见的慢性神经系统疾病,好发于儿童,其典型临床特征是单侧半球脑萎缩。此外,课题组还发现人类疱疹病毒(Human herpes viruses,HHVs)的累积病毒感染评分与RE的单半球萎缩显著正相关。I型干扰素(IFN-I)信号通过与IFN-α/β受体(IFNAR)结合发挥作用,对抗感染固有免疫至关重要。在本研究中,我们通过单侧眼周注射使野生型(Wild type,WT)小鼠及IFNAR缺陷的A6小鼠感染单纯疱疹病毒1型(Herpes simplex virus 1,HSV-1),以探究IFN-I信号传导与HHVs诱导的脑损伤之间的关系。虽然所有小鼠脑组织都表现出典型的病毒性脑炎病变,但仅有A6小鼠表现出HSV诱导的癫痫。我们进一步对小鼠脑组织进行RNA-Seq分析,并通过功能富集分析和蛋白质-蛋白质相互作用网络揭示了四种与HSV诱导的癫痫症状呈正相关的基因模块。此外,我们还鉴定了10与癫痫发作关联最为密切的关键基因。本研究表明,IFN-I信号通路可以有效抑制HHVs诱导的神经症状和脑组织病理损害,从而证实了RE和其他HHVs脑炎中IFN-I信号通路激活不足与脑萎缩之间的正相关性。

Mice with type I interferon signaling deficiency are prone to epilepsy upon HSV-1 infection

  • Corresponding author: Guo-Ming Luan, luangm@ccmu.edu.cn
  • Received Date: 09 August 2023
    Accepted Date: 09 January 2024
  • Viral encephalitis continues to be a significant public health concern. In our previous study, we discovered a lower expression of antiviral factors, such as IFN-β, STING and IFI16, in the brain tissues of patients with Rasmussen's encephalitis (RE), a rare chronic neurological disorder often occurred in children, characterized by unihemispheric brain atrophy. Furthermore, a higher cumulative viral score of human herpes viruses (HHVs) was also found to have a significant positive correlation with the unihemispheric atrophy in RE. Type I IFNs (IFN-I) signaling is essential for innate anti-infection response by binding to IFN-α/β receptor (IFNAR). In this study, we infected WT mice and IFNAR-deficient A6 mice with herpes simplex virus 1 (HSV-1) via periocular injection to investigate the relationship between IFN-I signaling and HHVs-induced brain lesions. While all mice exhibited typical viral encephalitis lesions in their brains, HSV-induced epilepsy was only observed in A6 mice. The gene expression matrix, functional enrichment analysis and protein-protein interaction network revealed four gene models that were positively related with HSV-induced epilepsy. Additionally, ten key genes with the highest scores were identified. Taken together, these findings indicate that intact IFN-I signaling can effectively limit HHVs induced neural symptoms and brain lesions, thereby confirming the positive correlation between IFN-I signaling repression and brain atrophy in RE and other HHVs encephalitis.

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    Mice with type I interferon signaling deficiency are prone to epilepsy upon HSV-1 infection

      Corresponding author: Guo-Ming Luan, luangm@ccmu.edu.cn
    • a. Beijing Key Laboratory of Epilepsy, Sanbo Brain Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing, 100093, China;
    • b. Beijing Institute for Brain Disorders, Capital Medical University, Beijing, 100093, China;
    • c. Department of Neurosurgery, Epilepsy Center, Sanbo Brain Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing, 100093, China;
    • d. Department of Microbiology, School of Basic Medical Sciences, Capital Medical University, Beijing, 100069, China;
    • e. Chinese Institute for Brain Research, Beijing, 102206, China

    Abstract: Viral encephalitis continues to be a significant public health concern. In our previous study, we discovered a lower expression of antiviral factors, such as IFN-β, STING and IFI16, in the brain tissues of patients with Rasmussen's encephalitis (RE), a rare chronic neurological disorder often occurred in children, characterized by unihemispheric brain atrophy. Furthermore, a higher cumulative viral score of human herpes viruses (HHVs) was also found to have a significant positive correlation with the unihemispheric atrophy in RE. Type I IFNs (IFN-I) signaling is essential for innate anti-infection response by binding to IFN-α/β receptor (IFNAR). In this study, we infected WT mice and IFNAR-deficient A6 mice with herpes simplex virus 1 (HSV-1) via periocular injection to investigate the relationship between IFN-I signaling and HHVs-induced brain lesions. While all mice exhibited typical viral encephalitis lesions in their brains, HSV-induced epilepsy was only observed in A6 mice. The gene expression matrix, functional enrichment analysis and protein-protein interaction network revealed four gene models that were positively related with HSV-induced epilepsy. Additionally, ten key genes with the highest scores were identified. Taken together, these findings indicate that intact IFN-I signaling can effectively limit HHVs induced neural symptoms and brain lesions, thereby confirming the positive correlation between IFN-I signaling repression and brain atrophy in RE and other HHVs encephalitis.

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