Serving the Society Since 1986
Focused Topic "Herpesviruses and Antiviral Strategies"
Editor(s): Ke Lan, PhD, Professor, State Key Laboratory of Virology, College of Life Sciences, Wuhan University; Min-Hua Luo, PhD, Professor, State Key Laboratory of Virology, CAS Center for Excellence in Brain Science and Intelligence
This special issue is dedicated to the recent research progress on human herpesviruses (HHVs). Human herpesviruses are distributed worldwide, and more than 90% of adults are infected by one or multiple HHVs. The HHV family contains three sub-families: the alpha sub-family [herpes simplex virus 1 (HSV-1), HSV-2, and varicella-zoster virus (VZV)], beta sub-family [human cytomegalovirus (HCMV), HHV6, and HHV7)], and gamma sub-family. [Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) and Kaposi’s sarcoma–associated herpesvirus (KSHV)]. All the viruses typically establish latent infection in host, and undergo lytic reactivation in certain pathophysiological conditions. In this issue, we collectively present ten articles focusing on the epidemiology, pathogenesis, and interventions of HSV-1, VZV, HCMV, EBV and KSHV respectively, and these high-quality review and research articles are contributed by experts on those specific viruses.
  • 人巨细胞病毒miR-US5-1通过靶向调控Geminin蛋白表达抑制病毒复制

    蒋树娟, 黄郁晶, 齐莹, 何蓉, 柳中洋, 马艳萍, 郭鑫, 邵耀中, 孙峥嵘, 阮强

    2017, 32(5): 431 doi: 10.1007/s12250-017-4064-x

    收稿日期: 2017-08-14 录用日期: 2017-10-26 出版日期: 2017-10-31
    [HTML全文] [PDF 2552 KB] Springerlink
    Viruses commonly create favorable cellular conditions for their survival through multiple mechanisms. MicroRNAs (miRNAs), which function as post-transcriptional regulators, are utilized by human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) in its infection and pathogenesis. In the present study, the DNA replication inhibitor Geminin (GMNN) was identified to be a direct target of hcmv-miR-US5-1. Overexpression of hcmv-miR-US5-1 could block the accumulation of GMNN during HCMV infection, and the decrease of GMNN expression caused by hcmv-miR-US5-1 or GMNN specific siRNA reduced HCMV DNA copies in U373 cells. Meanwhile, ectopic expression of hcmv-miR-US5-1 and consequent lower expression of GMNN influenced host cell cycle and proliferation. These results imply that hcmv-miR-US5-1 may affect viral replication and host cellular environment by regulating expression kinetics of GMNN during HCMV infection.
  • 脑组织中EBV及高表达的TLRs与Rasmussen脑炎的相关性

    王鑫, 王一松, 刘东, 王培刚, 范东瀛, 关宇光, 李天富, 栾国明, 安静

    2017, 32(5): 423 doi: 10.1007/s12250-017-4058-8

    收稿日期: 2017-07-26 录用日期: 2017-09-30 出版日期: 2017-10-30
    [HTML全文] [PDF 489 KB] Springerlink
    Rasmussen’s encephalitis (RE) is a rare pediatric neurological disorder, the etiology of which remains unclear. It has been speculated that the immunopathogenesis of RE involves damage to neurons, which eventually leads to the occurrence of RE. Viral infection may be a critical factor in triggering RE immunopathogenesis. In this study, we analyzed the expression of Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) antigens as well as of Toll-like receptor 3 (TLR3), TLR9, and downstream adapter TIRdomain-containing adapter-inducing interferon-β (TRIF) in the brain tissues of 26 patients with RE and 16 control individuals using immunohistochemistry (IHC). In the RE group, EBV antigens were detected in 53% of individuals at various expression levels. In contrast, there was no detectable EBV antigen expression in control brain tissues. Moreover, we found marked increases in the expression of TLR3, TLR9, and TRIF in the brain tissues of RE patients compared with levels in the control group. Furthermore, among RE cases, EBV expression and high TLR3 expression were associated with more severe brain atrophy. Our results suggest that the elevated expression of EBV and TLRs may be involved in RE occurrence through the activation of downstream molecules.
  • 静脉吸毒人群中卡波西肉瘤相关疱疹病毒感染率的meta分析

    方绮雯, 刘振球, 张志杰, 曾妍, 张铁军

    2017, 32(5): 415 doi: 10.1007/s12250-017-4051-2

    收稿日期: 2017-07-30 录用日期: 2017-09-18 出版日期: 2017-10-13
    [HTML全文] [PDF 4094 KB] Springerlink
    Intravenous drug users (IDUs) have been demonstrated to be highly vulnerable to HIV/AIDS. Nevertheless, the prevalence of Kaposi’s sarcoma associated herpesvirus (KSHV), an important co-infected agent with HIV, among this population remained obscure. We conducted a systematic review on the epidemiological features of KSHV among IDUs worldwide. Eligible studies were retrieved from 6 electronic databases (PubMed, EMBASE, Web of Science, CBM, CNKI and Wanfang). We calculated the pooled prevalence and 95% confidence interval (CI) overall and among subgroups using either random-effects model or fixed-effects model depending on between-study heterogeneity. The potential publication bias was assessed by the Egger’s test. A meta-regression analysis was performed to explore the sources of heterogeneity. Finally, twenty-two studies with a total sample of 7881 IDUs were included in the analysis. The pooled prevalence of KSHV was 14.71% (95% CI 11.12%–19.46%) among IDUs. Specifically, KSHV prevalence was 10.86% (95% CI 6.95%–16.96%) in HIV-negative IDUs, and 13.56% (95% CI 10.57%–17.38%) in HIV-positive IDUs. Moreover, prevalence among IDUs from the three continents involved in the current study was similar: 16.10% (95%CI 7.73%–33.54%) in Asia; 14.22% (95%CI 8.96%–22.57%) in Europe and 14.06% (95%CI 11.38%–17.37%) in America. Globally, IDUs are at higher risk of the KSHV infection when compared with the general population, regardless of geographical region or HIV-infection status.
  • 单纯疱疹病毒1型UL7,UL41和LAT基因部分缺失的突变毒株减毒表型的初步分析

    徐兴丽, 郭映秋, 范胜涛, 崔萍芳, 冯敏, 王丽春, 张莹, 廖芸, 张小龙, 李琦涵

    2017, 32(5): 404 doi: 10.1007/s12250-017-3947-1

    收稿日期: 2017-01-19 录用日期: 2017-08-17 出版日期: 2017-09-29
    [HTML全文] [PDF 3389 KB] Springerlink
    We previously constructed a herpes simplex virus 1 (HSV-1) UL7 mutant virus (M1) and showed that a partial deletion mutation of the UL7 gene led to a lower proliferative rate and an attenuated phenotype. Using the M1 mutant, we further modified the UL41 gene, which encodes another tegument protein, and the latency-associated transcript (LAT) gene. Observations of the resulting mutants with modified UL7 and UL41 (M2) or UL7, UL41 and LAT (M3) genes indicated attenuated phenotypes, with lower proliferative ratios in various cells, non-lethal infections in mice and lower viral loads in nervous tissues compared with the wild-type strain. Furthermore, no LAT stable intron could be detected in the trigeminal ganglion of M3-infected animals. The results obtained with the three HSV-1 mutants indicate that the M3 mutant is an attenuated strain with low pathogenicity during both acute and latent infections. Together, the results support the use of the M3 mutant as a candidate for the development of an HSV-1 vaccine.
  • 中国新疆乌鲁木齐和喀什地区维吾尔族和汉族人群卡波氏肉瘤相关疱疹病毒的感染率

    郑军, 杨洋, 崔梦, 舒占均, 韩丽丽, 刘振球, 张铁军, 曾妍,

    2017, 32(5): 396 doi: 10.1007/s12250-017-4049-9

    收稿日期: 2017-07-29 录用日期: 2017-09-18 出版日期: 2017-10-25
    [HTML全文] [PDF 618 KB] Springerlink
    Kaposi’s sarcoma-associated herpesvirus (KSHV) is the infectious etiologic agent associated with Kaposi’s sarcoma (KS), primary effusion lymphoma, and multicentric Castleman disease. It has been shown that high KSHV prevalence and high incidence of both classic KS and AIDS associated KS are found mostly among people of Uygur ethnicity in Xinjiang, while people of Han ethnicity in Xinjiang have a higher KSHV seroprevalence than those of other Han populations in mainland China. However, it is still unclear why there is such geographical and population variation in KSHV distribution in China. In this work, we focused on the populations in the Kashgar region and Urumqi area, where a total of 1294 research subjects were randomly selected to investigate the potential correlation between KSHV prevalence and different ethnicities in endemic areas of Xinjiang, and to determine risk factors that may affect KSHV infection rates or KS incidence. We identified a high seroprevalence of KSHV and high peripheral blood DNA infection in the general Uygur and Han populations in both Urumqi and Kashgar regions of Xinjiang, and determined that advancing age, low education level, and stationary population status affect KSHV infection rates. Further, KSHV-positive Uygur participants were shown to have higher prevalence of neutralizing antibodies and neutralizing antibody titers than KSHV-positive Han participants.
  • 水痘-带状疱疹病毒ORF7与ORF53存在相互作用并参与其反式高尔基体定位

    王玮, 付文锟, 潘德全, 蔡琳俐, 叶江辉, 刘剑, 刘澈, 阙玉琼, 夏宁邵, 朱桦, 程通

    2017, 32(5): 387 doi: 10.1007/s12250-017-4048-x

    收稿日期: 2017-07-28 录用日期: 2017-09-29 出版日期: 2017-10-30
    [HTML全文] [PDF 11523 KB] Springerlink
    Varicella-zoster virus (VZV) is a neurotropic alphaherpesvirus that causes chickenpox and shingles. ORF7 is an important virulence determinant of VZV in both human skin and nerve tissues, however, its specific function and involved molecular mechanism in VZV pathogenesis remain largely elusive. Previous yeast two-hybrid studies on intraviral protein-protein interaction network in herpesviruses have revealed that VZV ORF7 may interact with ORF53, which is a virtually unstudied but essential viral protein. The aim of this study is to identify and characterize VZV ORF53, and to investigate its relationship with ORF7. For this purpose, we prepared monoclonal antibodies against ORF53 and, for the first time, characterized it as a ~40 kDa viral protein predominantly localizing to the trans-Golgi network of the infected host cell. Next, we further confirmed the interaction between ORF7 and ORF53 by co-immunoprecipitation and co-localization studies in both plasmid-transfected and VZV-infected cells. Moreover, interestingly, we found that ORF53 lost its trans-Golgi network localization and became dispersed in the cytoplasm of host cells infected with an ORF7-deleted recombinant VZV, and thus ORF7 seems to play a role in normal subcellular localization of ORF53. Collectively, these results suggested that ORF7 and ORF53 may function as a complex during infection, which may be implicated in VZV pathogenesis.
  • 核酸扩增技术检测新生儿先天性巨细胞病毒及其在公共卫生中的应用

    Guoyu Liu, Rong Hai, Fenyong Liu

    2017, 32(5): 376 doi: 10.1007/s12250-017-4055-y

    收稿日期: 2017-08-02 录用日期: 2017-10-23 出版日期: 2017-10-30
    [HTML全文] [PDF 887 KB] Springerlink
    Human cytomegalovirus (HCMV), a herpesvirus, is an important human pathogen that causes asymptomatic infections in healthy or immunocompetent individuals but can lead to severe and potentially life-threatening complications in immune-immature individuals such as neonates or immune-compromised patients such as organ-transplant recipients and HIV-positive individuals. Congenital HCMV infection represents a significant public health issue and poses substantial healthcare and economic burden to society. This virus causes the most common viral congenital infection worldwide, and is the leading non-genetic cause of sensorineural hearing loss in children in developed countries. Congenital HCMV infection is believed to fulfill the criteria of the American College of Medical Genetics to be considered as a condition targeted for a newborn screening program. This is because congenital HCMV infection can be identified during a time (within 2 days after birth) at which it would not ordinarily be detected clinically, and there are demonstrated benefits of early detection, timely intervention, and efficacious treatment of the condition. Recent progresses in developing polymerase chain reaction-based approaches to detect HCMV in samples obtained from newborns have generated much excitement in the field. In this review, we highlight the recent progress in diagnostic techniques that could potentially be used for the detection of HCMV infection in neonates and its direct implications in public health settings for diagnosing congenital HCMV infection.
  • 脂类分子及脂肪代谢在卡波西肉瘤疱疹病毒致病性中的作用

    戴璐, 林震, 蒋为, Erik K. Flemington, 秦智强

    2017, 32(5): 369 doi: 10.1007/s12250-017-4027-2

    收稿日期: 2017-06-02 录用日期: 2017-09-05 出版日期: 2017-10-10
    [HTML全文] [PDF 1442 KB] Springerlink
    Lipids are essential for mammalian cells to maintain many physiological functions. Emerging evidence has shown that cancer cells can develop specific alterations in lipid biosynthesis and metabolism to facilitate their survival and various malignant behaviors. To date, the precise role of cellular lipids and lipid metabolism in viral oncogenesis is still largely unclear with only a handful of literature covering this topic to implicate lipid metabolism in oncogenic virus associated pathogenesis. In this review, we focus on the role of lipid biosynthesis and metabolism in the pathogenesis of the Kaposi’s sarcoma-associated herpesvirus, a common causative factor for cancers arising in the immunocompromised settings.
  • 磷酸化修饰调控人?疱疹病毒致癌作用研究进展

    王玉燕, 丁玲, 蔡灿坤, 魏芳, 蔡启良,

    2017, 32(5): 357 doi: 10.1007/s12250-017-4081-9

    收稿日期: 2017-09-11 录用日期: 2017-10-23 出版日期: 2017-10-30
    [HTML全文] [PDF 2013 KB] Springerlink
    Activation of specific sets of protein kinases by intracellular signal molecules has become more and more apparent in the past decade. Phosphorylation, one of key posttranslational modification events, is activated by kinase or regulatory protein and is vital for controlling many physiological functions of eukaryotic cells such as cell proliferation, differentiation, malignant transformation, and signal transduction mediated by external stimuli. Moreovers, the reversible modification of phosphorylation and dephosphorylation can result in different features of the target substrate molecules including DNA binding, protein-protein interaction, subcellular location and enzymatic activity, and is often hijacked by viral infection. Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) and Kaposi’s sarcomaassociated herpesvirus (KSHV), two human oncogenic gamma-herpesviruses, are shown to tightly associate with many malignancies. In this review, we summarize the recent progresses on understanding of molecular properties and regulatory modes of cellular and viral proteins phosphorylation influenced by these two tumor viruses, and highlight the potential therapeutic targets and strategies against their related cancers.
  • 胞外囊泡在疱疹病毒感染中的作用

    刘灵芝, 周诠, 谢艳, 左埒莲, 朱昉修, 卢建红

    2017, 32(5): 349 doi: 10.1007/s12250-017-4073-9

    收稿日期: 2017-08-23 录用日期: 2017-10-09 出版日期: 2017-10-30
    [HTML全文] [PDF 346 KB] Springerlink
    Herpesviruses are remarkable pathogens that have evolved multiple mechanisms to evade host immunity, ensuring their proliferation and egress. Among these mechanisms, herpesviruses utilize elaborate extracellular vesicles, including exosomes, for the intricate interplay between infected host and recipient cells. Herpesviruses incorporate genome expression products and direct cellular products into exosomal cargoes. These components alter the content and function of exosomes released from donor cells, thus affecting the downstream signalings of recipient cells. In this way, herpesviruses hijack exosomal pathways to ensure their survival and persistence, and exosomes are emerging as critical mediators for virus infection-associated intercellular communication and microenvironment alteration. In this review, the function and effects of exosomes in herpesvirus infection will be discussed, so that we will have a better understanding about the pathogenesis of herpesviruses.
  • Herpesviruses: epidemiology, pathogenesis, and interventions

    Ke Lan, Min-Hua Luo

    2017, 32(5): 347 doi: 10.1007/s12250-017-4108-2

    出版日期: 2017-10-31
    [HTML全文] [PDF 345 KB] Springerlink
    In this issue, we collectively present ten articles focusing on the epidemiology, pathogenesis, and interventions of HSV-1, VZV, HCMV, EBV and KSHV respectively, and these high-quality review and research articles are contributed by experts on those specific viruses.
39卷第2期 (2024年4月)

ISSN 1674-0769

EISSN 1995-820X

CN 42-1760/Q

主编: 石正丽

影响因子: 5.5*


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